A Bit of Methodology



“Questionnaires usually form an integral part of descriptive and opinion-related survey. Questionnaires can be either be in the form of a self-administered questionnaire i.e. where the respendents is requested to complete the questionnaire in his/her own time or in the term of a structured interview, where the interviewer (very often the researcher) writes down the answers ofthe respondent during a telephone or face-to-face interview (Eiselen and Uys, 2005, p2).”

Using questionnaires in research  is really popular and common. I do not know that questionnaire can be administered by research staff before I read this paper  : D



Taking Pictures of Food

Since I came to the UK, I have taken some pictures of food as the following:


Yes, I love taking pictures of food and the majority of my friends as well. In Asian culture, we take it for granted and enjoy the fun of taking pictures. However, this Christmas vacation I went to Germany and some of my German friends asked me why you Asians always take pictures of food before you guys eat them. Suddenly, I realize this kind of behavior is not common (or a bit strange) for the western people. Well, it is a very interesting question and to be honest, I never think about it before my friends asked me. Now, let me tell you my answer.

In Chinese culture, food is the first and foremost priority in life (because of the history and geographic location). In Chinese, there is a slang ‘民以食為天’ [mín yǐ shí wéi tiān] to demonstrate the importance of food. Besides, Xun Jiang, one of the famous writers in Taiwan, also mentions that traditional Taiwanese food links to Taiwanese memory. Its colours, tastes and flavours can recall one’s great memory which he has spent with his relatives or friends. To us, food is not just food. It can represent our feeling at that moment and keeps the memory of the moment. In addition, we build up good relationship with family, friends, and other people etc. by having meals and we will have a nice meal to keep and memorize each event.

For instance, the pictures you see above are taken by me and each picture has a story. For example, the central picture is the first Taiwanese cuisine I made in the UK (when I was in Taiwan, I don’t cook actually XD), and the left-centre one is the first English afternoon tea (the UK must-do written in the guide). So, in order to keep the memory, we take pictures of food. However, we don’t take tinctures without meaning. We only take pictures of food which are meaningful to us.

Freezing Outside?!!


As a student who lives in a dorm, yes, I have to share the kitchen with the other students. Of course, the bathrooms as well…… However, it is not exactly bad to share the kitchen actually coz sometimes you can chat with others, which is quite nice. But there is only a tiny tiny tiny problem which is to share the fridge. Everyone in the kitchen only has one shelf of the fridge. So, obviously you can not grasp foods in the Tesco, Waitrose, and M&S etc. as much as you like. Yes, only one shelf.

This is the fridge in my kitchen and all the shelves are full and mine as well. Yet, guess what. We find the solution.

It is always really interesting to walk outside. See! Here is the solution!

I think that is a jam-jar on the left hand of this photo but I have no idea about the others.

These are some bottles and milk.

A plastic bag with foods and milk again.

I guess that is a bottle of milk covered by a plastic bag?

A yogurt? I guess.

This one is the most difficult to find. ha~ I think it is something like pudding or jelly.

Now, I do keep some foods outside on my windowsill, which is really convenience. To me, this is a novel solution because in Taiwan (subtropical climate) we cannot do that at all. Therefore, in conclusion, if you do not have enough space to keep the foods, this is a fascinated idea to keep foods even though there are still some risks……


However, it is still a good idea to me.
Have a LOVELY weekend : ]

Blogging in Education

 “Blogging is a process of bringing life into learning… “ – Stephen Downes


According to Selwyn (2011), learning is a process of making sense about who you are and understanding the world around you, and the term of education is learning-conscious or formalized-learning. In other words, our educational communities aim at teaching us how to consciously find our personal identity and the knowledge about the world. However, nowadays the lines of learning blur between formal and informal education. It means that today the focus is more on how we learn. As mentions above, blogging is a process of bringing life into learning (Downes, 2004). In this sense, during the learning process, it is crucial to make a connection between knowledge and experiences (life) and blogging might be one of the best approaches to be closer to the way we learn. What’s more, in order to enhance learning, many of researchers, educators, and even teachers highlight the values of using blogs in education. Yet, does blogs really can enhance learning or it is just too idealistic? Personally, I am still optimistic about using blogs in education as well, even though there are some challenges in the field.

Using blogs in education to support learning is a really interesting and fascinating idea as always. What makes blogs so attractive is user-friendly (Downes, 2004). Everyone no matter who she or he is can easily entry blogs and do not need to worry about any computing techniques. Besides, there are some features of blogs such as personal editorship, a hyperlinked posting structure, frequent update, free public access to the content via the Internet and archived posting (Bartlett-Bragg, 2004). By these features of blogs, people can get to know the thoughts of the bloggers.  Nevertheless, as Selwyn (2009) observes, there are a “90-9-1 rule of participation inequality”. It means that only one percent of users have willing to create the original content, nine percent of users comment, and approximately 90 percent of users just passively consume (Nielsen, as cited in Selwyn, 2009). To be honest, I am one of the 90 percent people in the majority of time. Yet, I do not think it is a big problem. It only means that people like me participate in a different way (Downes, 2004). They may think or reflect by their own and then share with the person in the real life.

Nevertheless, I do believe that if teachers would like to use blogs in education, it might be crucial to guide students how to use it effectively since in the digital age young people get used to the massive information and do not know how to use the social web effectively. Recently deep learning is one of the popular issues in ICT in education because of the three-dimensional learning style in the fast-paced age. Bartlett-Bragg (2004) mentions blogs could enrich the learning experience and offer learners chances to shift from surface levels of learning to deeper learning. Learners reflect and construct the knowledge. Therefore, instead of assigning writing a blog, teachers could instruct students to read more. Read something interesting to you such as your culture, your community and your ideas before blogging, engage a community and reflect it, and then you will find your own identity or something meaningful to you (Downes, 2004).

Turning now to the educational blogging, there are some different voices here. Downes (2004) believe that blogs do break down barriers while Selwyn (2009) indicates in practice it is not difficult to find that the inequality of opportunity of social web technology. Downes (2004) states that “blogging not only made us access to the event but part of the event.” In this sense, blogging in education can include individuals to be part of the classroom and share and exchange the ideas with others. For example, learners can use the blog to link to the others blogs and comment on it. In addition, there are no certain formats or rules you have to follow. Usually, the posts on the blogs are short, informal and so on and so forth so that learners have no burden on sharing thoughts on the blogs and it builds a lovely learning setting. However, Selwyn (2009) observes that much of the popular bloggers have the great background or well-educated. There still exists the inequality in blogging.

Last but not least, as I mention, I do believe blogging in education is a great idea. Yet, the problem is how to use it to support learning effectively. What’s more, there are something I have to say is that blogging in education is indeed an interesting issue but tricky as well. For instance, “by its very nature, assigned blogging in schools cannot be blogging. It is contrived.”(Richard, as cited in Downes, 2004). Therefore, researchers, educators, and teachers should stand back and look beyond the over-value of the social web and rethink the realities of social technology such as blogs and education as Selwyn emphasizes (2009).



Bartlett-Bragg, A. (2004). Blogging to Learn Flexible Learning, 2004 edition, University of Technology, Sydney, Australia

Downes, S. (2004). Educational Blogging, EDUCAUSE Review, vol. 39, no. 5 (September/October 2004): 14–26

Selwyn, N. (2009). Challenging educational expectations of the social web: a web 2.0 far? Digital Kompetanse Vol 4: 72-85

Selwyn, N. (2011). ‘Education and Technology: key issues and debates’. London, Continuum.

About LiLiCoCo


Hi there,
The first entry will be the introduction to my blog-LiLiCoCo. LiLiCoCo, the heading of my blog, is a term spoken in Taiwanese, and it indicates something covers a variety of issues. As I would like to explore different topics in my blog, I decide to use LiLiCoCo as the heading of my blog. In the following part, I would like to quick introduce myself. Shortly!

My name is Yi-Jui. I am from Taiwan, and doing the MA Education and Technology program. I love music and movies, and enjoy traveling and reading as well. Besides, I am crazy about chocolate and bubble milk tea. If you are interested in those things, don’t hesitate to share information with me. All right, let’s get to the point. In this blog, I would like to share everything I like in my life such as a fantastic trip, a lovely exhibition, an interesting trivia and so on. Of course, sometimes it could be a journal or article that inspired me a lot as well.

BTW, I have to say if there are any mistakes about grammar or typo here in my blog, I apologize in advance. Hope you enjoy my blog